color chooserblueRedGreenOrangePurple
Font ResizeFont DecreaseRevert font size to defaultIncrease font size
OOPS. Your Flash player is missing or outdated.Click here to update your player so you can see this content.
You are here: Home Disability Register Guidelines and Amendments Evaluation and Certification of Various Disabilities

Search within the Web Portal Punarbhava
Guidelines for evaluation of various disabilities and procedure for certification - VISUAL DISABILITY PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 23 August 2011 16:09
Article Index
Guidelines for evaluation of various disabilities and procedure for certification
Thoracic and Thoracolumbar Spine Injuries
Torso Imbalance
Guidelines for Evaluation of Permanent Physical Impairment in Amputees
Table - VIII
Definition of Multiple Disabilities
All Pages



  1. Definition: - Blindness refers to a condition where a persons suffers from any of the condition, namely,
    1. total absence of sight; or
    2. visual acuity not exceeding 6/60 or 20/200(snellen) in the better eye with best correcting lenses; or
    3. limitation of field of vision subtending an angle of 20 degree or worse;

  2. Low Vision: - Persons with low vision means a person a with impairment of vision of less than 6/18 to 6/60 with best correction in the better eye or impairment of field in any one of the following categories:-
    1. reduction of fields less than 50 degrees
    2. Heminaopia with macular involvement
    3. Altitudinal defect involving lower fields.

  3. Categories of Visual Disability: All with correction

    Category Better eye Worse eye % age impairment
    Category 0 6/9-6/18 6/24 to 6/36 20%
    Category I 6/18-6/36 6/60 to Nil 40%
    Category II 6/40-4/60 or field
    of vision 10o -20o
    3/60 to Nil 75%
    Category III 3/60 to 1/60 or field
    of vision 10o
    F.C. at 1 ft. to Nil 100%
    Category IV F. C. at 1 ft. to Nil
    field of vision 10o
    F.C. at 1 ft. to Nil 100%
    One eyed persons 6/6 F. C. at 1 ft. to Nil
    or field of vision 10o

    Note: F.C. means Finger Count

  4. Process of Certification
    1. A disability certificate shall be issued by a Medical Board duly constituted by the Central/State Government having, at least three members. Out of which, at least one member shall be a specialist in ophthalmology.
  1. Definition of Hearing: - A persons with hearing impairment having difficulty of various degrees in hearing sounds is an impaired person.
  2. Categories of Hearing Impairment.

    Category Type of Impairment D B Level Speech discrimination % age of impairment
    I Mild hearing Impairment DB 26 to 40
    dB in better ear
    80 to 100% in
    better ear
    Less than
    40% to 50%
    II (a) Moderate
    41 to 60 dB in
    better ear
    50 to 80%in
    better ear
    40% to 50%
    II (b) Serve hearing
    61 to 70 dB
    hearing Impairment
    in better ear
    40 to 50% in
    better ear
    51% to 70%
    III Profound hearing Impairment
    Total deafness
    71 to 90 dB

    91 dB and
    better ear/to
    Less than 40%
    in better ear
    Very Poor
    71% to 100%

    1. Pure tone average of learning in 500, and 2000 HZ, 4000 HZ by conduction (AC and BC ) should be taken as basis for consideration as per the test recommendations.
    2. When there is only as island of hearing present in one or two frequencies in better ear, it should be considered as total loss of hearing.
    3. Wherever there is no response (NR) at any of the 4 frequencies (500, 1000,2000 and 4000 HZ), it should be considered as equivalent to 100 dB loss for the purpose of classification of disability and in arriving at the average.
  3. Process of Certification
    A disability certificate shall be issued by a Medical Board duly constituted by the Central and the State Government. Out of which, at least, one member shall be a specialist in the field of ENT.


  1. Definition .-
    1. Impairment: An impairment in any loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological or anatomical structure or function in a human being.
    2. Functional Limitations: Impairment may cause functional limitations which are partial or total inability to perform those activities, necessary for motor, sensory or mental function within the range or manner of which a human being is normally capable.
    3. Disability: A disability, is any restriction or lack. ( resulting from an impairment) of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being.
    4. Locomotor Disability: Locomotor disability is defined as a persons inability to execute distinctive activities associated with moving both himself and objects, from place to place and such inability resulting from affliction of musculoskeletal and/or nervous system.
  2. Categories of Locomotor Disability
    The categories of locomotor disabilities are enclosed at Annexure-A.

  3. Process of Certification
    A disability certificate shall be issued by a Medical Board of three members duly constituted by the Central and the State Government, out of which, at least, one member shall be a specialist from either the field of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation or Orthopaedics.

    Two specimen copies of the disability certificate for mental retardation and others (visual disability, speech and hearing disability and locomotor disability) are enclosed at Annexure-B.

    It was also decided that whenever required the Chairman of the Board may co-opt other experts including that of the members constituted for the purpose by the Central and the State Government.

    On representation by the applicant, the Medical Board may review its decision having regard to all the facts and circumstances of the case and pass such order in the matter as it thinks fit.


Last Updated on Thursday, 19 January 2012 15:24

Quick Links and Latest Updates

Disability Register State-wise list of Backward Districts Disability Profile | NE Districts Disability Profile | Status of Issuance of Disability Certificates in States/UTs in 2001 and its comparison with status in 2011
Legal Instruments Central Ministries Schemes | States Schemes | Scheme of Sports for PwDs | ADIP Scheme (updated) | PM National Council Skill Development Program | Central Sector Scheme of 'Support for establishment / modernization / capacity augmentation of Braille Presses' (Effective from 2014-15) | MSJE, Govt. of India Rules / Regulations |
UN-DESANew| WHO Mental Health Action Plan 2013-20 | WIPO

Schemes Cochlear Implant Surgery under ADIP Scheme (2014-15) - Letter No. 4-2(8)2014/DD-I dated 3rd March, 2015 regarding with List of Approved Hospital for cochlear implant -2015 | Grant of Traveling allowance in respect of Attendant/Escort for accompanying a Government Servant with Disabilities on travel during tour/training etc. | Cochlear Implant surgery under ADIP Scheme | Scholarship for Top Class Education for Students with DisabilitiesNew| Ministry of Railways | Committee to monitor the progress in filling up of vacancies of PwDsNew| Mentioning Percentage (%) of disability of the beneficiaries - regardingNew
State Schemes Jammu and Kashmir | Karanataka | Madhya Pradesh | Orissa | Puducherry | Tamil Nadu | Andhra Pradesh
State Policies Bihar| Goa| Himachal Pradesh| Orissa| Rajasthan (in Hindi)| Tamil Nadu
Resources Assessment Scales and Tools (New Scales Added) | Equal Opportunity Cell
Institutes NHFDC | ALIMCO | Office of CCPD | The National Trust
RCI Programs Regular Mode | Distance Mode | Norms (Updated) | CRE Programmes
For Hearing Impaired Test your Hearing | Jobs
Career Draft National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015 | Constitution of Committee to monitor progress in filling up of vacancies of PwDs | National Career ServiceNew| Grant of age concession to PwDs for direct recruitment to civil posts / services under the Central GovernmentNew
Recruitment IBPS RRB | BHELNew| NLC, ChennaiNew| NPCILNew
Punarbhava Acknowledgements UNESCO Global Report | Planning Commission, GoI's Working Group Report on Science and Technology for Vulnerable Sections of Society | Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2009-10
Assistive Devices Swavalamban (Directory of Aids and Assistive Devices)
Newsletters UN-DESA September 2015New| WHO Mental Health July 2015New
Misc. States/UT wise list of Registered NGOs | Registered Volunteers | Online Games for Children with DisabilitiesNew| Accessibility Statement | Punarbhava Poster | District Information System for Education | Dept. of Empowerment of PwDs, MSJE New Address | UN-DESA Newsletter Sep 2015New

Valid W3C XHTML 1.0 Transitional Valid CSS